A long time ago, I was taught the principles of leadership called the “4 C's” (competence, commitment, courage and openness), which I continue to defend as the right basic values for a leader, from initial leadership functions to senior positions of authority. The 4 C's for successful leadership and learning discussed here are courage, trust, commitment and collaboration. These may not be enough on their own, but I believe they are necessary for success in learning, leadership, and life in general. Students and leaders, whether in formal or informal settings, must develop these qualities and demonstrate them consistently as they move through different stages of life.
Aristotle referred to courage as the first virtue of leadership. It's courage that makes all the other virtues of leadership possible. Being a leader often means being in front; it means facing reality and carefully analyzing the organization. What is the truth about our current state? It's about saying what needs to be said when it needs to be said.
Many people avoid confrontation and circumstances in which there is a possibility of conflict. Being able to have honest conversations helps organizations resolve problems, however painful they may be. Major Crandall was more concerned with what he perceived to be best for the mission, rather than with his own personal safety or comfort. I was willing to make the decisions needed to get the job done.
Being an enlightened leader means knowing your strengths and weaknesses and increasing them accordingly. Success is a team sport, so it is especially important to form a leadership team that complements each other. The same applies to industry associations.